Visiting Hanoi’s Temple of Literature

by Mark Wiens on June 12, 2013 · 7 comments

Entering the Temple of Literature

Entering the Temple of Literature

Hanoi is the capital, and one of the most popular cities to visit in Vietnam.

The Temple of Literature, an ancient complex that is both a temple and an academy, is one of the most famous attractions and places of history the city has to offer.

It’s a temple dedicated to Confucius, meaning that it’s a place where scholars and students formerly lived and studied.

Beginning in 1076, the imperial academy opened and began to enroll students.

Beautiful gardens and huge trees

Beautiful gardens and huge trees

The Temple of Literature is neatly organized in a series of courtyards, each courtyard leading further and further into the temple and finally to an area that housed shrines and many statues including one of Confucius himself (see below).

The construction is based on the temple in China where Confucius was born.

The grounds of the temple are lush and green with big beautiful trees and gardens.

Turtle stelae

Turtle stelae

You can browse around all the courtyards at your own pace. I enjoyed looking at the stone steles which are all lined up under an awning when you enter the complex.

Known as the Stelae of Doctors, there are 82 (though there were formerly 116) of these stone engravings which have a turtle as a foundation. The steles were created as a way to encourage students to pursue knowledge and to continue learning.

The Chinese writings on these stones steles have been a significant source of information into the past lives and culture of Vietnam nearly 1000 years ago.

These steles also include information about students and those who graduated from the academy.

In the 4th courtyard

In the 4th courtyard

In the fourth of five courtyards is where the main temple is located. On either side of the main shrine there are two halls that were used to honor some of the most faithful Confucian followers.

At the front of the courtyard, surrounded by statues and burning incense was the elaborate statue of Confucius himself.

Statue of Confucius

Statue of Confucius

As a Confucian temple, Confucius was not only studied, but also worshipped at this temple.

Just outside of the main shrine were some cabinet displays of old clothes, pens, notebooks, and a few small personal belongings from students who had attended the imperial academy.

Dragons on the roof

Dragons on the roof

Like any historical site that I visit, while I enjoy the overall attraction, I really like to pay attention to the small details. It’s the small things that can really make a place stand out and be worth visiting.

The Temple of Literature is packed with symbols and details that are easy to miss, but if you look in the right places, they can make the experience more rewarding.

The dragons on top of the roof carved from stone are in place according Feng shui and give the building protection, not so much from human enemies, but from natural things like fires and other devastating disasters.

Chicken pho

Chicken pho

After spending a few hours walking around the Temple of Literature, we were quite hungry.

Luckily after just a few moments of searching I located a local restaurants serving Vietnamese noodles.

It didn’t take long before I was seated in front of a piping hot bowl of chicken pho and ready to dig in!

Be sure to include the Temple of Literature on your tour of Hanoi.

About the Author:

is the author of 164 posts on Go Backpacking.

Mark was raised in central Africa before migrating back to the US for University. After graduating, he decided to continue traveling the world. On Migrationology, he shares the cultural side of travel from a slow paced local perspective that often revolves around his love for eating all forms of food. Join him on Facebook, follow him on Twitter @migrationology, and add him on Google Plus.

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Categories: Features, Vietnam
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