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Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive in Big Bend National Park, Texas

Big Bend National Park is full of beautiful vistas, and the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive is an efficient way to enjoy many of them from the comfort of your car or SUV.

The 30.9-mile paved road runs south from Panther Junction Road to the Santa Elena Canyon Trail and the Rio Grande River along the United States and Mexican border.

It's the only paved road to the canyon, a popular spot for hiking and kayaking on the park's west side. Along the way are trailheads for short hikes, scenic overlooks, and historical points of interest.

Regardless of whether you plan to do any hiking, there are enough points of interest along the way to make the drive worthwhile.

[Note: Old Maverick Road is a shorter, more direct route to Santa Elena Canyon; however, it's a dirt road and not the focus of this article.]

Driving south on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive in Big Bend National Park, Texas
Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive

Where to Stop on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive

On our first morning in Big Bend National Park, Kel and I drove straight from the Panther Junction Visitor Center to the Santa Elena Canyon to hike before it got busy.

After the hike, we enjoyed the incredible scenery on the drive back before calling it a day and getting dinner in Terlingua. I'd recommend the same approach if you've got one day in the park.

If you skip the hike at Santa Elena Canyon Trail, you'll save an hour, which you can spend in another part of the park (Chisos Basin would be my suggestion).

I will present the most interesting places to stop on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive from south to north as if you were to take the same approach as Kel and me.

As this is a U.S. national park, there are clearly-marked signs along the road for everything I mention.

Santa Elena Canyon trailhead in Big Bend National Park
Santa Elena Canyon trailhead

Santa Elena Canyon Trail

As I mentioned, the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive's southern terminus is the Santa Elena Canyon. Here, a towering 1,500-foot wall has slowly been pulled apart by seismic activity along the Terlingua Fault.

The Rio Grande River runs through the narrow canyon walls, separating the U.S. from Mexico just as it does throughout Big Bend National Park.

The 1.4-mile hike was pretty easy and took Kel and me 75 minutes total from when we left the car to when we got back.

If you're not interested in the whole hike, it's a short walk for five minutes on flat ground to get a clear view of the canyon's entrance—it's pretty impressive.

View of Santa Elena Canyon from the overlook
View of Santa Elena Canyon from the overlook

Santa Elena Canyon Overlook

The first stop on Ross Maxwell Drive heading north from Santa Elena Cayon is a scenic viewpoint of the canyon. It's a quick and easy stop to get another perspective on the canyon, though you can certainly skip it if your time is limited.

Antique cotton gin equipment
Antique cotton gin equipment

Castolon Visitor Center

Drive 7.8 miles east of Santa Elena Canyon overlook to reach the Castolon historical district, just after the turnoff for Cottonwood Campground, a site big enough for a spacious 12 person tent.

Here, you can learn about an early twentieth-century cotton boom from 1922 to 1942, run by businessman Wayne Cartledge.

He grew about 100 acres worth of cotton, totaling nearly one million pounds over his 20-year run.

Today, the only remnants are some of his old cotton gin machinery, which helped to separate the seeds from the machinery, thus increasing its value.

In 2019, a wildfire in Mexico jumped the Rio Grande River and burned several historical structures in Castolon.

As it was noon, I bought a turkey and cheese sandwich from a small convenience shop, and we had a quick lunch at a picnic table in the shade.

View from Tuff Canyon Overlook on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive. The Santa Elena Canyon is visible in the distance (center right).
Cerro Castellan mountain (left) and Tuff Canyon (foreground)

Tuff Canyon Overlook

It's a 2.8-mile drive from the Castolon Visitor Center to the Tuff Canyon overlook. You can see the Cerro Castellan mountain, Tuff Canyon, and the Santa Elena Canyon in the distance.

Tuff is a term for compressed volcanic ash, and the canyon is named after the material from which it is made. The easy one-mile Tuff Canyon Trail runs through the gorge and takes about 30 to 60 minutes to walk (roundtrip).

Mule Ears, a geographic feature as seen from the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive in Big Bend National Park, TX
Mule Ears
Dave at Mule Ears (photo: Kelly Lemons)
Dave at Mule Ears (photo: Kelly Lemons)

Mule Ears Viewpoint

Continue north from Tuff Canyon for 4.9 miles to reach the Mule Ears overlook. Look south to see the Mule Ears Peaks, two spires of rock that make for a funny photo.

The easy-to-moderate 3.9-mile Mule Ears Springs Trail begins from this parking lot. It's a shadeless walk through the desert that ends at the Mule Ears spring.

Kel hiking Lower Burro Mesa Pour-off
Kel hiking Lower Burro

Lower Burro Mesa Pour-off Trail

A 6.2-mile drive north of Mule Ears is the trailhead to the Lower Burro Mesa Pour-off Trail (a mouthful, I know).

Kel and I stopped to do this easy one-mile hike and had the nature trail to ourselves in the mid-afternoon.

The trail follows a gravel creek bed into a box canyon, ending at a 100-foot high pouroff carved through the Burro Mesa by summer rains.

A pouroff is a seasonal waterfall, meaning it's dry in the off-season and prone to flooding during periods of heavy rain.

For Big Bend, that's in the summer, so it's essential to be aware of the forecast before hiking here.

The scenery is fantastic. The yellow and orange bands in the bluffs (as pictured above) are ash-flow tuffs, geologic features that reflect the region's volcanic past.

View of Santa Elena Canyon from Sotol Vista
View of Santa Elena Canyon from Sotol Vista

Sotol Vista Overlook

Continue north on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive for 5.4 miles to reach the Sotol Vista Overlook, a beautiful viewpoint offering an expansive look at Big Bend National Park.

Looking south, you can see the Santa Elena Canyon in the distance. Beyond that imposing wall, you're in Mexico. A spacious parking area makes it easy to stop here.

The Homer Wilson Ranch is visible from the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive
Homer Wilson Ranch

Homer Wilson Ranch

Less than a minute north of the Sotol Vista Overlook is a viewpoint for the historic Homer Wilson Ranch, abandoned in 1945.

The end of the 11.5-mile Blue Creek Ranch Trail runs between the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive and the ranch if you want to get a closer look at the old buildings.

Upper Burro Mesa Pour-off Trail

Less than a mile north of the Homer Wilson Ranch is the Upper Burro Mesa Pour-off Trailhead. This moderately strenuous 3.5-mile hike can take about two hours total.

The end of this trail is the same pouroff you see from the Lower Burro Mesa Pour-Off Trail, only now you're viewing it from above.

Sam Nail Ranch

The last point of interest when driving north on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive is the Sam Nail Ranch, which features a short trail (0.5 miles) around an old adobe two-room home built by Sam Nail in 1916.

This ranch is about 3.6 miles north of the Upper Burro Mesa Pour-off trailhead or 3.4 miles south of Panther Juncture Road, where the scenic drive begins.

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