Overtourism is a new concept to a lot of people. There are tourists who come from all corners of the world, yet, not every place in the world has tourists.
Last year, global tourist arrivals (the number of people traveling) reached 1.4 billion.
The World Tourism Organization predicted we wouldn’t reach that number for a few more years.
Compare this number to 1995 when there were only 525 million tourists worldwide, and you can see where we're headed.
More affordable flights and travel combined with increases in personal wealth has made it possible for more and more people to travel for fun. It's a trend that's both wonderful, and potentially harmful and threatening, too.
The term “overtourism,” which is believed to have developed in 2015, is used to explain crowded tourist destinations and the negative impact it has on the communities and cultures surrounding them.
Overtourism is an idea which encompasses all negative impacts of tourism.
It explains the arising conflict between foreign visitors and locals, which has reached a boiling point in some places.
Overtourism can also explain the impact of the industry on struggling natural environments.
This is seen, for example, in Thailand; or, more specifically, Maya Beach.
Very few people knew about Maya Beach on Koh Phi Phi of southern Thailand until the Hollywood blockbuster, “The Beach” starring Leonardo Decaprio made Maya Bay the most popular destination in all of Southeast Asia.
Since it was released in 2000, tourism on Maya Beach exploded.
It is reported that, at one point, more than 5,000 visitors were frolicking on the beach each day, delivered by more than 200 boats. In turn, the beach suffered significant environmental loss.
It is estimated over 80 percent of the coral around Maya bay has already been damaged and government officials in Thailand hope closing the beach to visitors indefinitely will bring it back to life.
As travelers, it is our job to leave a community exactly how it was when we arrived.
Zero-impact travel is what we should all strive for unique places to remain available to future generations of travelers.
Thailand is far from the only place affected. The Inca ruins of Machu Picchu in Peru and the sinking city of Venice in Italy are two more of the many sites being threatened.
Below, we have highlighted different ways you can become more conscious of overtourism. We challenge you to do your part to help the bigger cause.
How You Can Help Prevent Overtourism
1. Pay attention to local signage
It is simple. If the sign says “stay off the grass,” don’t step on the grass.
If the sign says “do not feed the wild animals,” don’t do it.
If the sign says “no photography inside the cathedral,” don’t try to sneak a quick photo when no one is looking.
These signs are made for a reason, and usually, it is to protect yourself, the environment, and the culture.
2. Travel in the off-season
Traveling in the fall or winter months will not only mean fewer queues to deal with, but you will also be going at a time when prices are lower.
Dave, for example, re-visited Florence, Italy last fall. He said the main landmarks like the Duomo and Ponte Vecchio (bridge) were still busy, but not nearly as crowded as they would've been in summer.
Another reason to travel in the should or off-season is that locals will be more willing to strike up a conversation as they haven’t been wrestling with hordes of tourists all season.
In some destinations, such as Switzerland, a sheet of snow over the landscape brings out the real magic and makes photographs even better.
Who wants to spend a vacation in lines, anyway?
This is where you may need to do a little research, as the months that constitute off-season travel varies depending on where you want to go.
Did you know over 40 percent of vacation apartments in Barcelona are operated illegally?
That is because greedy landlords have realized tourists are willing to pay much more than residents.
Searching for the cheapest accommodation possible, tourists have begun to stop looking in the direction of hotels, which isn’t necessarily a good thing.
Sure, spending locally is always good (see #6). However, what it does is make housing a nightmare for locals; driving rent prices through the roof, and creating more friction between tourists and locals.
Barcelona is not the lone exception to this issue. Combat this growing problem by re-considering going back to the hostels or hotels.
Leaving a place as it was when you arrived is your responsibility, but have you ever considered doing more than the minimum?
What about leaving the beach with less plastic than you brought?
Instead of placing blame on others, go the extra mile, and help make up for others' neglect.
If every traveler picked up just one piece of litter a day, it would go a long way.
Whenever I go on a hike, I always bring a trash bag for loose trash on the trail and, in most places, I can fill it before my walk is finished.
5. Seek advice past the first page of Google
Here is the truth about travel blogging: it exists on the internet, and people lie on the internet.
Have you ever considered why every small town or village you have read about is “quaint,” “paradisiacal,” or “unexplored?”
How every tropical destination is excellent for snorkeling, and its beaches are “pristine” and “secluded?”
These are easy, safe, unmeasurable ways to write about places we have never been.
I, myself, am a part of the problem in travel blogging as I’ve used these unjustifiable descriptions to convince readers they must go to the most visited destinations in a city.
Admittedly, I have written articles in the past which clients ask me to write about attractions I have never been to.
They have asked me to write about the top ten attractions on TripAdvisor, for example. In turn, this leads to the promotion of the same few attractions in the city.
[Editor's note: Go Backpacking only publishes stories based on an author's first-hand experience in a destination.]
The world is big. Be open to exploring it independently on a whim, as well as based on the recommendations of blogs.
6. Spend your money locally
Backpackers have historically been good about this, if for no other reason than it's often cheaper to eat locally than at international chains.
Instead of eating at McDonald's, try the local street food across the way. Sure, easy!
However, tour companies have gotten sneakier at disguising themselves as homegrown companies when, in fact, they have roots worldwide.
One of my favorite things to do is free city walking tours offered in most major cities around the world.
Though a few popular companies, like Sandeman, operate in most cities, they are unique in that all proceeds go to the local guides themselves.
Not only that, but they can save you a pretty penny for your wallet, too.
Most guides, being local, know secrets you can’t find on the internet and will take you to places you wouldn’t have known about had it not been for taking the walking tour.
7. Be aware of cultural sensitivities
Do your research about the culture before you leave for your destination. This seems like a dying process among all travelers.
With affordable travel and increased tourism around the world, it feels like you can travel to a destination and never cross paths with a country’s culture. How tragic.
Immersing yourself in culture and participating in traditions and lifestyles from across the world is what makes travel such a valuable experience. Let’s get back to our roots.
Among cultural sensitivities to be aware of, religion is of utmost importance.
To air on the safe side, the less skin you show, the less like a tourist you will appear, and the less likely you are to offend anyone.
Be conservative in public, cautious about voice level, language, and try to blend in as much as you can. After all, that is a common goal as travelers, isn’t it, still?
Before Leo made Maya Beach into a phenomenon, Koh Phi Phi was just one of the 1,400 Thai islands.
Think about it — despite what people may tell you, there are still gems out there which haven’t been discovered by the internet: islands which haven’t lost their culture, beaches which don’t have vendors walking the shoreline, and streets without tour buses.
However, if you keep following the “Top 10 Destinations in ____” lists, you are not going to find those places.
If you read it on the internet, so did thousands of others. Try doing some research and exploration on your own.
[Editor's note: Yes, we've published our share of “Top X” lists on Go Backpacking, too. While we don't believe there's anything inherently wrong with a list format, we'll be keeping the problem of overtourism in mind as we draft the content of such articles in the future.]
Let's tackle overtourism together before it’s too late
No matter which country — in which community — we are traveling, we have a responsibility (which everyone is now aware of) to be conscious travelers.
That means taking control of our actions, thinking before we act, and making decisions for the betterment of the place we are visiting.
If everyone does their part to be a more responsible traveler, we can fix this issue ourselves — without closing beaches indefinitely or irritating locals to the point of conflict.
Let’s get a grip before overtourism gets out of hand.