Colombian Food – Typical & Traditional Cuisine

Ajiaco is a popular Colombian food in Bogota

Colombian food is typical of Latin American cuisine as a whole.

There is a heavy focus on deep-frying everything. Meats (beef, pork, chicken, fish) are popular, and most dishes are served with rice, beans, or potatoes.

Vegetables play a small role, while the variety of fresh tropical fruits available in Colombia is extensive.

Colombian Food – Typical Dishes

Ajiaco

Ajiaco is a heavy, potato-based soup that is especially popular in and around Bogota. Additional ingredients include shredded chicken, small chunks of corn on the cob, capers, and cream.

Ajiaco is typically served with a side of rice and fresh avocado, which are then be added to the soup.

Where to Eat It: Just off Bogota’s Plaza Bolivar is a small strip of Ajiaco restaurants, all claiming to have the world’s best. Pick one, and prepare to fill your stomach with the best soup in Colombia.

Arepa con queso

Arepa con queso

Arepas

Arepas are the most ubiquitous Colombian food – served with almost every meal, and when bought on the street (for $1), a meal unto themselves.

Made of ground corn dough or flour, arepas con queso (with cheese) are best sampled from street vendors.

Preparations vary by region. For example in Medellin, you can expect to have sweetened condensed milk drizzled on top, which offers a sweet counterbalance to the saltiness of the cheese.

Where To Eat It: Everywhere, however Medellin has the best!

Bandeja Paisa is a typical food from Antioquia.

Bandeja Paisa

Bandeja Paisa

Bandeja Paisa is a traditional Antioquian dish consisting of beef, pork or chicken, chorizo, chicharron (pork fat), fried plantains, a fried egg, refried beans, rice, avocado, and a small salad.

This bigger than life dish is hard to finish, and probably contain’s a month’s worth of cholesterol.

Where To Eat It: Bandeja Paisa is best sampled in the state of Antioquia. In Medellin, head for Brasarepa Restaurant in Envigado, where Anthony Bourdain filmed a scene for the Colombia episode of No Reservations.

Empanadas in Cali

Empanadas in Cali

Empanadas

Empanadas are perhaps the most popular Colombian food. They are available everywhere, from street vendors to cafes, and restaurants. They are usually fried, though cafes may offer baked versions as well.

The most common filling is meat (ground beef), though chicken is also widely available. Best enjoyed with a dollop of fresh salsa, which is often provided by the vendor.

Where to Eat It: Everywhere!

Mondongo (tripe soup) is a Colombian food popular in Antioquia.

Mondongo (tripe soup)

Mondongo

Mondongo is another heavy soup, especially popular in Medellin.

The base is chopped tripe (stomach lining or intestines) in a broth, however it is always served with accompaniments for mixing, including rice, avocado, bananas, and fresh cilantro.

Where to Eat It: Mondongo’s is a popular restaurant chain in Medellin that specializes in this hearty Colombian food. There is a promiment location on Calle 10 near Parque Lleras in the Poblado neighborhood.

Trucha in a coconut curry

Trucha in a coconut curry

Trucha

Trucha is a type of fish, often served in Colombia’s pueblos. Most restaurants will offer a variety of preparations to choose from, and it’s typically served with a large, fried plantain.

Where to Eat It: Trucha is best experienced in the pueblos of Colombia, such as Salento, or at a trout farm in Jardin.

Boxes and bottles of Aguardiente being sold during Medellin's annual Feria de las Flores

Boxes and bottles of Aguardiente being sold during Medellin’s annual Feria de las Flores

Drinks

Aguardiente

Aguardiente (or guaro as the locals call it) is a clear, anise-flavored (black licorice) alcohol that is available throughout the country.

Inexpensive, and according to the locals, less likely to give you a hangover compared to other liquors, it is usually consumed straight, and chased with water.

Small plastic cups are used for dishing out shots of Aguardiente, and it’s common for Colombians to offer the drink to new friends in the bars and clubs.

Where To Drink It: Any Colombian bar or discoteca, or buy a bottle from a convenience store and enjoy it with friends outdoors (drinking in public is legal in Colombia).

Coffee at a Juan Valdez Cafe in Bogota

Coffee at a Juan Valdez Cafe in Bogota

Coffee (Tinto)

Colombia is famous for its coffee, and whether you drink it regularly at home or not, be sure to sample it while visiting the country.

Tintos are very small cups of coffee that are often sold on the streets, out of thermoses.  Sometimes you’ll see vendors rolling shopping carts with a dozen or more thermoses around, trying to keep up with demand.

The chain of Juan Valdez Cafes is the Colombian equivalent of Starbucks, and offers free Wi-Fi to customers.

Where To Drink It: Everywhere! Sample the typical tinto from a street vendor, an ice coffee from a Juan Valdez Cafe, and from the source, on a coffee plantation in Colombia’s Eje Cafetero.

Enjoying a fresh glass of Maracuya juice, while overlooking the pueblo of Jardin.

Enjoying a fresh glass of Maracuya juice, while overlooking the pueblo of Jardin.

Fresh Fruit Juices

Blessed with a wide variance of climates, all within the same country, Colombia’s selection of tropical fruits is off the charts.

And that most can be ordered in the form of fresh fruit juices, for no more than a dollar or two, makes sampling them all a pleasure.

The most commonly available fresh fruit juices (made with water or milk) are:

  • Orange (naranja)
  • Strawberry (fresa)
  • Raspberry (mora)
  • Pineapple (pina)
  • Banana
  • Mango
  • Maracuya
  • Guanabana

Where To Drink It: Everywhere, but especially along the Caribbean coast and beaches.

Hot chocolate and cheese is a traditional Colombian combination.

Hot chocolate and cheese is a traditional Colombian combination.

Hot Chocolate and Cheese

Hot chocolate and cheese might seem like an odd combination, but this typical Colombian food combination is surprisingly delicious.

Traditional Colombian hot chocolate is made without added sugar or milk, as is common in Western countries.

Drop in pieces of large cheese, and allow them to soak up the flavor for a minute before fishing them out with a spoon.

Where to Drink/Eat It: Look for it on the menu at restaurants, or if you hike or go horseback riding in the Valle de Cocora, order it at the rest stop where you can watch the hummingbirds.

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About the Author:

is the author of 1736 posts on Go Backpacking.

Dave is Editor and Founder of Go Backpacking and Medellin Living, and the Co-founder of Travel Blog Success. Follow him on Twitter @rtwdave or Google+